* Dr. Mohamed Ali Albar wrote an article about "The Historical Aspect of the Legality of Induced Abortion". Dr. Albar reviewed the medical and social interpretations of abortion over the centuries by different religions and societies. Dr. Albar reiterated that "The Catholic Church was more stringent, and in the seventh century instituted a canon for capital punishment of women who had abortions  Laws were passed making abortion punishable by death, in England in 1524; in Germany in 1531; in France in 1562; and in Russia in 1649 .
With the advent of the industrial revolution and social upheavals in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, European countries gradually revoked the previous harsh laws and replaced them with less drastic penalties, e.g., imprisonment, fines, and withdrawal of the license to practice medicine."
"The first country in the world to legalize abortion on demand was communist Russia, which passed a law on November 18, 1920, “permitting abortion to be performed freely without charge in Soviet hospitals” ."
Read more here.
* Alumnus Farooq Murshed wrote to ask what is being tested. He explained why do we have to get it; when to get it; and test preparation needed.
"Cystatin C is a relatively small protein that is produced throughout the body by all cells that contain a nucleus and is found in a variety of body fluids, including the blood. It is produced, filtered from the blood by the kidneys, and broken down at a constant rate. This test measures the amount of cystatin C in blood to help evaluate kidney function.
Cystatin C is filtered out of the blood by the glomeruli, clusters of tiny blood vessels in the kidneys that allow water, dissolved substances, and wastes to pass through their walls while retaining blood cells and larger proteins. What passes through the walls of the glomeruli forms a filtrate fluid. From this fluid, the kidneys reabsorb cystatin C, glucose, and other substances. The remaining fluid and wastes are carried to the bladder and excreted as urine. The reabsorbed cystatin C is then broken down and is not returned to the blood."
Read more here.
* Dr. Shihab Ghanem wrote the lyrics for a song to coincide with the celebrations of the birthday of the ruler of Dubai.
"Under the patronage of the Consulate General of India, Dubai Suchetha Satish on behalf of the 3.5 million Indians living in the UAE and numerous visitors coming to this great country, present with gratitude an Arabic song "Fifty Glorious years " to HH Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai on his fifty years of Political life and visionary leadership.
The lyrics are from the famous poem "Fifty years" by the noted Emirati Poet Dr Shihab Ghanem. He was the first Arab Poet to win the Tagore Peace Award in 2012 from the Asian Society in Calcutta.
He has published over 80 books and his poems have been translated into 18 languages."
The song has been composed and orchestrated by Monty Sharma, the ace Bollywood composer. His most famous works include Saawariya and Back ground music for iconic films like Devdas, Black, Ram Leela etc.
The song is sung by Suchetha Satish, 13 year old Indian who is a Double World Record Holder for " Most languages sung during one concert " and the "Longest Live singing concert by a child".She had dedicated her world records to the Prime Ministers of India and UAE .
The song was recorded at Neo Sound Recording Studio in Mumbai and is produced by Suchetha Satish.
Special thanks to HE Shri Vipul, Consul General, Shri Neeraj Agarwal , Consul Culture, Air India and Al Madina Group for their support.”
Watch the song here.
* An article appeared in Academia website entitled "Aspects of non-state law: Early Yemen and Perpetual Peace (A view from part of anthropology (in Legalism: Anthropology and history, edited by Paul Dresch and Hannah Skoda, OUP 2012)". It mentioned that "In a wide range of literature, whether jurisprudential or historical, one binds an intellectual knot of law and morality with (centralizing) common power. That knot requires loosening. Until we do so many forms of law remain hard to grasp, but especially those that highlight law’s typical concern (cf. Hart 1955:177-8, Lamond 2001) with the rightness of coercion, for example by encompassing lawful vengeance. The present paper deals with Yemen. The focus is on statements of law, not law as process, and a contrast is proposed with power and legitimate coercion in mind, between law of the kind Yemen’s tribes reveal over many centuries and modern conceptions, such as that worked out by Immanuel Kant, of legality as the expression of collective will. Any form of moral life implies a set of assumptions that make statements or actions meaningful. An anthro- pologist will insist that contrasting different kinds of statement from different worlds may properly shed light on both worlds."
Read more here.